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Table 3 Number (percentage) and univariate odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for any breastfeeding at discharge from hospital (n = 373)

From: Determinants of breastfeeding initiation among mothers in Kuwait

Variables Any breastfeeding at discharge Univariate odds ratio
  Yes No   
  N (%) N (%) OR 95% CI
Sociodemographic     
Mother's age (years):     
   < 25 71 (86.6) 11 (13.4) 1.00  
   25-34 204 (85.0) 36 (15.0) 1.57 0.62, 4.02
   ≥ 35 41 (80.4) 10 (19.6) 1.38 0.64, 3.00
Maternal Education (years of schooling):     
   < 12 106 (83.5) 21 (16.5) 1.00  
   ≥12 210 (85.4) 36 (14.6) 1.60 0.64, 2.08
Mother's country of birth:     
   Kuwait & Gulf States 172 (82.3) 37 (17.7) 1.00  
   Other Arabic countries 109 (88.6) 14 (11.4) 1.67 0.87, 3.24
   Other world countries 35 (85.4) 6 (14.6) 1.25 0.49, 3.20
Mother employed/studying part- or full-time at 6 months before birth     
   Yes 132 (82.5) 28 (17.5) 1.00  
   No 184 (86.4) 29 (13.6) 1.35 0.76, 2.37
Mother intended to be employed/studying part- or full time at 6 months postpartum     
   Yes 119 (81.5) 27 (18.5) 1.00  
   No 179 (86.5) 28 (13.5) 0.69 0.39, 1.23
   Don't know yet/undecided 18 (90.0) 2 (10.0) 0.31 0.31, 6.40
Mother's occupation:     
   Managers & professionals 83 (88.3) 11 (11.7) 1.00  
   Sales & clericals 62 (82.7) 13 (17.3) 0.63 0.26, 1.50
   Unskilled occupations 26 (81.2) 6 (18.8) 0.57 0.19, 1.70
   House wives 145 (84.3) 27 (15.7) 0.71 0.34, 1.51
Father's occupation:     
   Managers & professionals 85 (87.6) 12 (12.4) 1.00  
   Sales & clericals 93 (80.9) 22 (19.1) 2.36 0.23, 24.58
   Unskilled occupations 135 (75) 22 (14) 1.41 0.14, 14.2
   Unemployed 3 (75) 1 (25) 2.04 0.20, 20.56
Location:     
   Kuwait City & Jahraa 31 (73.8) 11 (26.2) 1.00  
   Hawalli 163 (87.6) 23 (12.4) 2.51 1.11, 5.68
   Farwania 80 (83.3) 16 (16.7) 1.77 0.74, 4.24
   Mubarak Al Kabeer & Ahmedi 42 (85.7) 7 (14.3) 2.13 0.74, 6.12
Biomedical
Parity:
    
   Primiparous 92 (82.1) 20 (17.9) 1.00  
   Multiparous 224 (85.8) 37 (14.2) 1.32 0.72, 2.39
Vaginal Delivery:     
   Yes 206 (87.7) 29 (12.3) 1.00  
   No 110 (79.7) 28 (20.3) 0.55 0.31, 0.98
Infant admitted to special care nursery:     
   Yes 55 (72.4) 21 (27.6) 1.00  
   No 261 (87.9) 36 (12.1) 2.77 1.50, 5.10
Psychosocial     
Mother attended antenatal classes for this or previous pregnancy:     
   Yes 29 (93.5) 2 (6.5) 1.00  
   No 287 (83.9) 55 (16.1) 0.36 0.08, 1.55
Father prefers breastfeeding     
   Yes 259 (86.3) 41 (13.7) 1.00  
   No or ambivalent 57 (78.1) 16 (21.9) 0.56 0.30, 1.07
Maternal grandmother prefers breastfeeding     
   Yes 286 (84.6) 52 (15.4) 1.00  
   No or ambivalent 30 (85.7) 5 (14.3) 1.09 0.40, 2.94
Maternal grandmother breastfed at least one infant     
   Yes 297 (84.1) 56 (15.9) 1.00  
   No or don't know 19 (95.0) 1 (5.0) 0.28 0.04, 2.13
Infant feeding decision made before pregnancy     
   Yes 241 (84.3) 45 (15.7) 1.00  
   No 75 (86.2) 12 (13.8) 1.17 0.59, 2.32