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Table 2 Effect of changing fat content of maternal diet on MCFA and LCFA in breast milk (mean ± SEM) (n = 14)a

From: The effect of a controlled manipulation of maternal dietary fat intake on medium and long chain fatty acids in human breast milk in Saskatoon, Canada

Fatty acid
(g/100 g total fatty acids)
Low Fat SEM High Fat SEM p value*
Total saturated fatty acids 41.1 0.82 40.40 0.85 0.46
Caprylic acid (C8:0) Trace   Trace   
Capric acid (C10:0) 0.87 0.04 0.68 0.03 0.01*
Lauric acid (C12:0) 5.38 1.16 3.98 0.37 0.01*
Myristic acid (C14:0) 7.31 0.35 6.76 0.48 0.07
Total medium chain fatty acids 13.56 0.66 11.42 0.86 0.01*
Palmitic acid (C16:0) 22.70 0.45 23.43 0.24 0.43
Stearic acid (C18:0) 5.00 0.11 6.08 0.14 0.01*
Arichidic acid (C20:0) 0.08 0.07 0.12 0.01 0.02*
Total monounsaturated fatty acids 38.70 0.80 39.90 0.65 0.10
Myristoleic acid (C14:1n-5) 0.35 0.01 0.41 0.05 0.27
Palmitoleic acid (C16:1n-7) 1.95 0.29 1.31 0.23 0.05 (0.046)*
Oleic acid (C18:1n-9) 36.16 0.86 37.81 0.67 0.08
Eicosenoic acid (C20:1n-9) 0.27 0.02 0.38 0.02 0.01*
Total polyunsaturated fatty acids 16.90 0.66 16.40 0.48 0.54
Linoleic acid (C18:2n-6) 14.65 0.62 13.82 0.45 0.27
α-linolenic acid (C18:3n-3) 1.22 0.04 1.69 0.06 0.01*
γ-linolenic acid (C18:3n-6) 0.12 0.01 0.09 0.01 0.02*
Eicosadienoic acid (C20:2n-6) 0.19 0.02 0.18 0.01 0.51
Dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (C20:3n-6) 0.27 0.02 0.24 0.02 0.03*
Arachidonic acid (C20:4n-6) 0.34 0.01 0.30 0.02 0.02*
Eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n3) Trace   Trace   
Docasapentaenoic acid (C22:5n-3) Trace   Trace   
Docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6n-3) 0.12 0.02 0.14 0.04 0.77
  1. a2-day mean of fatty acid content; *p < 0.05