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Table 3 Reasons for discontinuing breastfeeding or exclusive breastfeeding before four months

From: Breastfeeding in China: a review

Research site Breast milk 'insufficient' (%) Mother returning to work (%) Maternal or child illness (%) Breast problems (%) Mother dislikes or feels uncomfortable with breastfeeding (%) Other reasons (%)
Beijing** (n = 397, 1989–1991, [23]) 8.3 13.6 18.4   32.2 27.50
Beijing** (n = 387, 1991–1994, [23]) 8.8 19.4 14.0 6.9 35.0 15.90
Beijing** (n = 148, 1995–1997, [24]) 34.5 25.0 19.6 4.1 13.5 3.30
Beijing** (n = 148, 1995–1998, [24]) 47.3 20.4 16.2 5.4   10.70
Shanghai* (n = 152, [57]) 49.3 21.7 15.8 3.9   9.30
Shanghai* (n = 131, [86]) 41.2 37.4 9.1   9.9 2.40
Shanghai**(n = 86, [86]) 59.3 15.1 15.1 1.2   9.30
Kunming* (n = 140, [65]) 48.6 4.3 4.3   5.0 37.80
Zhejiang** rural area (n = 153, 1996, [72]) 52.9 5.2 9.1 6.5   26.30
Jiangsu** (n = 235, 1996–1997, [68]) 41.3 28.1 22.6    8.00
Sichuan** (n = 148, 2001, [88]) 13.5   31.1 24.3   31.10
  1. * Reasons for discontinuation of 'exclusive breastfeeding'
  2. ** Reasons for discontinuation of 'any breastfeeding'