Skip to main content

Table 1 Breastfeeding rates (%) at four months from cohort studies, P.R. China

From: Breastfeeding in China: a review

Study details Months of age Exclusive breastfeeding 95%CI Any breastfeeding 95%CI
Beijing [33]
n = 100
Survey year: 1997
1 54.0 44.2 63.8 84.0 76.8 91.2
  2 46.0 36.2 55.8 80.0 72.2 87.8
  3 37.0 27.5 46.5 77.0 68.8 85.2
  4 37.0 27.5 46.5 76.0 67.6 84.4
Chongqing [34]
n = 627
Survey year: 1999.
0b 80.5 77.4 83.6 93.5 91.6 95.4
  1 64.3 60.5 68.1 83.3 80.4 86.2
  2 52.3 48.4 56.2 71.6 68.1 75.1
  3 46.6 42.7 50.5 63.6 59.8 67.4
  4 42.9 39.0 46.8 59.2 55.4 63.0
Wuhana [35, 36]
n = 520
Survey year: 1994–1997.
0 89.2 86.5 91.9 97.7 96.4 99.0
  1 82.3 79.0 85.6 93.7 91.6 95.8
  2 70.6 66.7 74.5 87.4 84.5 90.3
  3 65.0 60.9 69.1 85.8 82.8 88.8
  4 55.6 51.3 59.9 84.0 80.8 87.2
Nanjing [37]
n = 699
Survey year: 1995–1996
0 76.1 72.9 79.3 96.4 95.0 97.8
  1 65.5 61.8 69.2 94.2 92.4 96.0
  2 64.4 60.6 68.2 92.6 90.5 94.7
  3 65.9 61.7 70.1 90.4 87.8 93.0
  4 60.6 56.1 65.1 87.0 83.9 90.1
Nanning [38]
n = 250
Survey year: 1995–1996
0 94.4 91.5 97.3 100 100.0 100.0
  1 91.2 87.7 94.7 100 100.0 100.0
  2 78.4 73.3 83.5 95.6 93.1 98.1
  3 60.8 54.7 66.9 93.2 90.1 96.3
  4 50.4 44.2 56.6 87.6 83.5 91.7
Guangzhou [39]
n = 1323
Survey year: 1998–1999
0 94.0 92.7 95.2 96.4 95.4 97.4
  1 90.5 88.9 92.1 95.7 94.6 96.8
  2 83.3 81.3 85.3 93.9 92.6 95.2
  3 75.7 73.4 78.0 93.2 91.8 94.6
  4 56.6 53.9 59.3 92.8 91.4 94.2
  Total 80.0 77.8 82.2 94.4 93.2 95.6
Shenzhen [40]
n = 505
Survey year: 1997.
1 66.5 62.4 70.6 76.8 73.1 80.5
  2 65.7 61.6 69.8 74.7 70.9 78.5
  3 62.0 57.8 66.2 71.5 67.6 75.4
  4 56.0 51.7 60.3 65.4 61.3 69.5
Zhuhaic [25]
n = 148
Survey year: 1995
0 97.3 94.7 99.9 98.6 96.7 100.5
  1 88.5 83.4 93.6 95.9 92.7 99.1
  2 81.6 75.4 87.8 95.3 91.9 98.7
  3 75.0 68.0 82.0 92.1 87.8 96.4
  4 70.9 63.6 78.2 92.1 87.8 96.4
Qiqihar [41]
n = 66
Survey year: 2002.
1 63.6 52.0 75.2 72.7 62.0 83.4
  2 42.4 30.5 54.3 66.7 55.3 78.1
  3 31.8 20.6 43.0 56.1 44.1 68.1
  4 27.3 16.6 38.0 53.0 41.0 65.0
Shunde [42]
n = 660
Survey year: 2000.
1 78.5 75.4 81.6 92.4 90.4 94.4
  3 69.1 65.6 72.6 86.7 84.1 89.3
  4 62.0 58.3 65.7 83.3 80.5 86.1
Luzhou [43]
n = 203
Survey year: 2002
1 89.6 85.4 93.8 97.5 95.4 99.6
  2 87.7 83.2 92.2 97.1 94.8 99.4
  3 83.7 78.6 88.8 93.1 89.6 96.6
  4 79.8 74.3 85.3 90.1 86.0 94.2
Duan [44]
n = 186
Survey year: 1997–1998.
0 94.1 90.7 97.5 100 100.0 100.0
  1 79.6 73.8 85.4 98.4 96.6 100.2
  2 60.8 53.8 67.8 94.1 90.7 97.5
  4 40.9 33.8 48.0 91.9 88.0 95.8
Chenyang [45]
n = 149
Survey year: 2000.
1 92.6 88.4 96.8 98.7 96.9 100.5
  2 85.2 79.5 90.9 98.7 96.9 100.5
  3 80.5 74.1 86.9 98.0 95.8 100.2
  4 71.8 64.6 79.0 96.6 93.7 99.5
Shengzhou [46]
n = 128
Survey year: 1997–1998.
0 96.9 93.9 99.9 100.0 100.0 100.0
  1 93.8 89.6 98.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
  2 84.4 78.1 90.7 96.9 93.9 99.9
  3 78.1 70.9 85.3 95.3 91.6 99.0
  4 76.6 69.3 83.9 91.4 86.5 96.3
Xinjiang [47]
n = 578
Survey year: 2003–2004.
0 78.0 74.6 81.4 88.5 85.9 91.1
  1 33.9 29.9 37.9 85.6 82.6 88.6
  2 29.4 25.5 33.3 84.5 81.4 87.6
  3 24.0 20.3 27.7 83.1 79.9 86.3
  4 10.9 8.2 13.6 82.0 78.6 85.4
  1. a: The data of Wuhan city were from two sources.
  2. b: 0 month refers to the period before discharge from hospital, generally in one week after delivery or 0.5 month of age.
  3. c. 'Exclusive breastfeeding' include 'full breastfeeding'
  4. Chongqing: a large city (municipality directly under the Central Government), in Southwest China.
  5. Wuhan, a large city (municipality directly under the Central Government), in Central China.
  6. Nanjing, the capital city of Jangsu province, East China.
  7. Nanning, the capital city of Guangxi province, South China.
  8. Guangzhou, the capital city of Guangdong province, South East China.
  9. Shenzhen, a medium-sized city in Guangdong province, Southeast China.
  10. Zhuhai, a medium-sized city in Guangdong province, Southeast China.
  11. Qiqihar: a medium-sized city in Heilongjiang province, Northeast China.
  12. Shunde: a medium-sized city in Guangdong Province, Southeast China.
  13. Luzhou: a medium-sized city in Cichuan Province, Southwest China.
  14. Duan, a county town, Guangxi province, South China.
  15. Chenyang, a small town in Jiangsu province, East China.
  16. Shengzhou, a small city in Zhejiang province, East China.
  17. Xinjiang(Han Chinese), Uygur Autonomous Region, West China.