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Table 2 Doppler blood flow parameters for the mammary branches of the Internal Mammary Artery Branch (IMA) and Lateral Thoracic Artery (LTA) for both the non-lactating and lactating breast

From: Ultrasound imaging of the lactating breast: methodology and application

Mean blood flow parameters Non-lactating breast Lactating breast
IMA Diameter (mm) 0.2 [68] 1.8
   Systolic velocity (cm/s) - 56
   Diastolic velocity (cm/s) - 25
   Mean velocity (cm/s) 19 [68] 39
   Flow volume (mL/min) 45.5 [68] 85
LTA Diameter (mm)   1.3
   Systolic velocity (cm/s) - 37
   Diastolic velocity (cm/s) - 16
   Mean velocity (cm/s) - 24
   Flow volume (mL/min) - 45
   Pulsatility Index 2.2 (2) [69] 0.88
24 hour mammary blood flow (L) - 170–200
  1. - no data available