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Table 3 Characteristics of health workers who received gifts

From: Awareness and reported violations of the WHO International Code and Pakistan's national breastfeeding legislation; a descriptive cross-sectional survey

Variable Received/total (%) Odds ratio (95% CI)
    Unadjusted 1 Adjusted 2
   All 164/427 (38.4)   
Occupation     
   Obstetricians 31/52 (59.6) 1.00 1.00
   Midwives/LHVs3 3/60 (5.0) 0.04 (0.01, 0.13) 0.02 (0.01, 0.06)
   Nurses 22/131 (16.8) 0.14 (0.07, 0.28) 0.11 (0.05, 0.24)
   Paediatricians 36/70 (51.4) 0.72 (0.35, 1.48) 0.49 (0.22, 1.09)
   Resident doctors 72/114 (63.2) 1.16 (0.59, 2.27) 1.27 (0.63, 2.57)
City     
   Islamabad 52/140 (37.1) 1.00 1.00
   Peshawar 69/170 (40.6) 1.16 (0.73, 1.83) 3.23 (1.76, 5.91)
   Rawalpindi 43/117 (36.8) 0.98 (0.59, 1.64) 0.78 (0.44, 1.37)
Experience     
   <10 years 140/361 (38.8) 1.00 1.00
   ≥ 10 years 24/66 (36.4) 0.90 (0.52, 1.56) 1.36 (0.68, 2.69)
Patients     
   <50 per day 126/341 (37.0) 1.00 1.00
   ≥ 50 per day 38/86 (44.2) 1.35 (0.84, 2.18) 1.41 (0.79, 2.51)
Awareness of law     
   Unaware 105/301 (34.9) 1.00 1.00
   Aware 59/126 (46.8) 1.64 (1.08, 2.51) 1.37 (0.79, 2.37)
  1. 1Univariate analysis, each factor considered singly
  2. 2Multiple logistic regression analysis, with all factors considered simultaneously
  3. 3LHV: lady health visitor