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Table 3 Age-adjusted association of infant formula use with autistic disorder for children aged 2–4 years.

From: Breastfeeding, infant formula supplementation, and Autistic Disorder: the results of a parent survey

Variable Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval) p value
Formula without DHA/ARA 4.41 (1.24 – 15.7) 0.022
Formula with DHA/ARA 1.02 (0.33 – 3.18) 0.977
Exclusive breastfeeding (no formula use) reference   
Limited to cases with reported regression in development
Formula without DHA/ARA 12.96 (1.27 – 132) 0.031
Formula with DHA/ARA 2.76 (0.28 – 27.4) 0.387
Exclusive breastfeeding (no formula use) reference